India has a golden history of about five thousand years. Many things those found in this land prove that there is life in pre-historic period. Sindhu Ghati (Indus) civilization was first known civilization of this land, Indus civilization is the oldest civilization of the world like Egypt and Sumer civilization. Mohanjodaro and Harappa cities of that civilization are known for their town-planning, planed water supply system, life style and undecipherable script language.
India is a land of experiments in every era. In politics there some time republic system was followed and after some time it converted into hierarchy system
In social area there developed casts system, it means society divided into castes , in starting it based on work but after some time it covert into by birth. The caste of a person is decided by their birth and a strong caste system developed in the country.
In religious area earlier nature base Vedic religion arise, every nature’s energy become reason of its worship, after some time Hindu religion developed. From 800 B.C. to 600B.C. new revolution in religious area came, when the founders of Jain and Buddhist relgion Lord Mahavir and Lord Gautam Buddha were born. Jain religion became their followers all over the country, while Buddha religion spread not only in the country but also in Asian country.
In the 4th century B.C. remarkable kingdom rise in the country, Chandragupta become king of Patliputra with the help of Chankya . First time in Indian history Mouryan kingdom ruled over the area which known as Bharata (India). Mouryan empire gave to the Indian history the greatest king Ashoka. He was a great solider and great follower of Buddha , he was also a great builder, he built the Ashoka piller in Sarnath (utter Pradesh ), after independence which has been adopted by Indian Government as National Emblem. He also built many other monuments like Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh) etc.
Mouryan Empire was followed in north by Guptas, while in the south by the Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras. At that time southern India started trading with Asian and European countries, and Indian seacoast became trading hubs.
After Guptas many dynasties ruled over the different parts of the country, but their work and dynasty were not remarkable. Al though Indian trading with other countries were very grew and the country known for their prosperity and wealth and India attracted the rulers of outsider countries.
India beard many attacks of outsiders, Mahmud Gazni, Mohhamd Gouri, Changej Kha etc attack and collect gold, valuable things and man power and go back their country. In 1192 Ad Mohamamd Ghori ruler of Afganistan, came India and captured large part of northern India and became the first Sultan of Delhi. It was beginning of Islamic rule in India. Delhi Saltant ruled over the big part of northern India next two hundred years.
Delhi Saltanat replaced by Mughals. Babar founder of Mughal Empire come India and established their rule in northern part of India. Akabar the great, was a great administrator of Indian history, he introduce many reforms in land revenue, in administration and other areas. He also introduces communal harmony in administration and in personal life. He was a great artist and great builder, he had patronized music, literature, painting, architecture etc in his court. Great musician Tansen was member of his court. He built tomb of Humayu, Fatahpur sikri, Buland darwaja etc. Jahangir his successor also known for his artistic affords and buildings. Shahnjha also a great builder, he built world famous monument ‘Taj Mahal’ in memory of his dead queen Mumtaj. The mughal ruled over the Country till the 18th century.
In 17th century the European companies – Portuguese, French, Duch, Danish and British were starting their trading with India, at that time European Countries spread their colonies in other parts of the world. These companies were trading companies but they also involve in local politics. After some time East India of England was controlled large part of India and made it one of their colonies.
Bounded by the majestic Himalayan ranges in the north and edged by an endless stretch of gold beaches of Bay of Bangal (east), the Arabian sea (west), and the India Ocean (south).
India held virtually every kind of landscape imaginable –Himalyas, the world’s highest mountain, dense forest of western India and beautiful sea beaches of southern and eastern India.